Spoken Language Benefits via Cochlear Implantation Prior to Age 12 Months
Nicholas and Geers (2013) report on 69 children (presumed to be deaf from birth) who received cochlear implants between ages 6 months and 18 months. All children were evaluated at age 4.5 years with regard to receptive and expressive vocabulary and receptive language (including grammar). Twenty-seven of the children received their cochlear implant (CI) at age 6 to 11 months and 42 children received their CIs between 12 and 18 months.
On average, children who received their CI earlier (age 6 to 12 months) demonstrated significant advantage with regard to vocabulary and receptive and expressive spoken language ability.
For More Information, References and Recommendations
Holt R, Svirsky MA. (2008) An Exploratory Look at Pediatric Cochlear Implant. Ear & Hearing 29(4):492-511.
Leigh J, Dettman S, Dowell R, Briggs R. (2013) Communication Development in Children Who Receive a Cochlear Implant by 12 Months of Age. Otology & Neurotlogy 34:443-450.
Nicholas, JG. And Geers, AE. (2013): Spoken Language Benefits of Extending Cochlear Implant Candidacy Below 12 Months of Age. Otology & Neurotology 34:532-538.
Ramsden JD, Gordon K, Aschendorff A, Borucki L., Bunne M, Burdo S, Garabedian N, Grolman W, Irving R, Lesinski-Schiedat A, Loundon N, Manrique M, Martin J, Raine C, Wouters J, Papsin BC. (2012) European Bilateral Pediatric Cochlear Implant Forum Consensus Statement. Otology & Neurotology 33:561-565.