Hearing: Anatomy, Physiology, and Disorders of the Auditory System, Second Edition

Hearing: Anatomy, Physiology, and Disorders of the Auditory System, Second Edition

RATING: (4 of 5 ears)
EDITORS: Aage R. Møller
PUBLISHER: Academic Press: San Diego, CA;
ISBN: 978-0-12-372519-6
COST: $87.95

REVIEWER: Wafaa A. Kaf, MD, PhD, CCC-A, Assistant Professor
Missouri State University Communication Sciences & Disorders, Springfield, MO

SYNOPSIS: Hearing: Anatomy, Physiology, and Disorders of the Auditory System (Second Edition) by Aage R. Møller provides the basis for a broad, but concise understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the ear and the auditory nervous system, and the disorders of this system and their pathophysiology. The book’s chapters are organized into three sections, and an appendix is included on the topic of hearing conservation programs. Also included is an extensive list of references to give the reader additional information on specific subjects. This book is intended for audiologists, clinical researchers, and basic scientists involved in the field of hearing.

REVIEW: Hearing: Anatomy, Physiology, and Disorders of the Auditory System (Second Edition) by Aage R. Møller is comprised of eleven chapters organized into three sections: Section I: The Ear; Section II: The Auditory Nervous System; Section III: Disorders of the Auditory System and Their Pathophysiology.

Section I: The Ear focuses on anatomy and physiology of the middle ear and the cochlea, as well as touching on sound evoked electrical potentials in the cochlea. Møller breaks down each section of the ear and provides the important aspects and mechanisms about the anatomy and physiology needed to lay a foundation for the understanding of the workings of the auditory system. Although anatomy and physiology of the ear are always viewed as a difficult subject, Aage Møller presented the material in a simple way to understand. The figures are presented so nicely to supplement the text description of the anatomy and physiology of the ear.

Section II: The Auditory Nervous System contains two chapters covering the anatomy and physiology of the auditory nervous system, which is reviewed in a way that makes the readers more interested in such hard topics. The next chapter includes information on transient auditory evoked potentials (AEPs), distinguishing between near-field and far-field potentials. Auditory brainstem responses are discussed in great detail. In addition, it covers other AEPs such as frequency following response and myogenics. The final chapter details the acoustic middle-ear reflex, how a response is elicited and its clinical importance.

Section III: Disorders of the Auditory System and Their Pathophysiology is comprised of three chapters. The first provides great detail on a variety of pathologies in each area of the auditory system are discussed very well, and most importantly the role of neural plasticity in disorders of the central auditory nervous system. The second chapter details hyperactive disorders of the auditory system, focusing especially on tinnitus and abnormal perception of sounds. Perhaps a new edition of the book would cover the theoretical models and goals of tinnitus retraining therapy as a relatively new treatment option for cases with tinnitus. Then, the author discusses cochlear and brainstem implants in the final chapter. Aage Møller presents these complex subjects using simple language, and provides the most current information pertinent to this section. Finally, the appendix about hearing conservation programs is a great addition that covers all the information that you need to know about hearing conversation program, noise standards and measurements, and legal ramifications.

This book aims to cover the anatomy and physiology of both the ear and the auditory nervous system, as well as disorders of the system, and how all aspects of this system interact and can affect one another. An overriding theme is the importance of neural plasticity. The author intends this book for clinicians, clinical researchers, and basic scientists involved in the field of hearing, specifically otologists, audiologists, neurologists, and researchers. Others interested in this book may be those that deal with the effects of hyperactive disorders of the auditory system, such as psychologists and psychiatrists.

Møller uses various methods to emphasize his points and provide information. By beginning the book with anatomy and physiology, a foundation is laid and the reader is then well-equipped to comprehend later discussions on disorders of the auditory system, as well as ways by which to test and measure its function. The summary at the beginning of each section gives the reader an idea of what to expect in the pages to follow. By outlining each chapter in the abstract the reader is focused on it intent and can more easily garner information that is expounded upon. Detailed figures provide a great supplement to the understanding of the information presented. The inserted boxes give great supplementary information that is essential to the understanding of what is being discussed, as well as provide further information that may be of interest to the reader. Finally, an extensive reference list is provided so that the reader can find additional and more detailed information on topics of interest.

CRITIQUE: In Hearing: Anatomy, Physiology, and Disorders of the Auditory System (Second Edition), Aage R. Møller aims to educate those who will be researching and diagnosing hearing disorders, as well as provide a general understanding of how this complex system works. The book offers an excellent foundation of anatomy and physiology of the system, and goes into great detail on disorders and diagnostic procedures. This book is a valuable reference for its intended audience; however, it lends itself to professionals who have some medical background and a basic understanding of the workings of the human body. Students of the field of hearing or clinical professionals without much medical experience may find this book a bit advanced. Yet, those with a basic understanding of the auditory system will be challenged as it provides the knowledge to guide research in a direction that will be theoretically and clinically relevant.