Schools are required to provide hearing screenings to all children. American Academy of Audiology (2011) screening guidelines suggest children have a hearing screening:
- When enrolling in school for the first time.
- In grades 1, 3, 5, and either 7 or 9.
- If the student is new to the district.
- If the student is in the process of special education eligibility.
- Screenings can be administered by an experienced tester, which ideally would be audiologists, speech language pathologists and school nurses.
- Parents are notified of the non-passing results and the need for further evaluation.
- If a child does not pass a screening and is referred for a complete audiological evaluation, he or she should be seen within 3 months of the referral by an audiologist.
If your child is deaf or hard of hearing, schools are required to determine the need for additional services. Educational audiologists, speech-language pathologists, or teachers of the deaf and hard of hearing can be requested to be apart of the child’s education team.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1975 Part B
- Part C: Focuses on family-centered, home-based services for children birth to 3 years.
- Part B: Focuses on school-based services for children 3-21 years.
Individualized Family Service Plans (IFSP)
- Developed in collaboration with the family AND early interventionists.
- Provides details on home-based services an individual infant or toddler will need.
Individualized Education Plans (IEPs)
- Should be developed in coordination between the family and school personnel.
- Provides details about the individualized specialized instruction and related services an individual child will need.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (ADA)
- Can be used if your child is mainstreamed, meaning in the regular classroom all day.
- Provides requirements an individual child may need to provide access to academic instruction including services and accommodations, such as hearing assistive technology (HAT) systems, interpreters and captions.