Mental Health, Subjective Well-Being, and Meniere’s Disease
The largest study ever published to investigate the relationships among Meniere’s Disease, an individual’s mental health (MH), and subjective well-being (SWB) was recently published by Tyrrell et al (2015). The authors reported on 1,376 people who self-reported having Meniere’s Disease (MD) through the United Kingdom’s (UK) Biobank and compared these results to 500,000 controls.
Tyrrell et al note that MD is a chronic illness often characterized by episodes of vertigo, as well as (fluctuating) sensorineural hearing loss, pressure in the ears (i.e., aural pressure), and tinnitus. Patients with MD may present along a vast continuum from high functioning and minimally symptomatic to severely disabled. The authors report that people with MD are more likely to have depression than the controls, and for those with depression, it may last 10 weeks longer (on average) than the controls.
The authors recounted that people with MD often report feelings of depression, tiredness, tenseness, and un-enthusiasm. Tyrrell et al note that MD was associated with lower health status satisfaction and people with MD were at greater risk for mood swings as well as anxiety-related neuroticism. They report that MD “significantly impacts well-being and mental health, potentially placing an increased burden on health-care resources, with long periods of depression and anxiety. Clinicians need to actively address the MH and SWB issues of Meniere’s….”
For More Information, References, and Recommendations
Tyrrell J, White MP, Barrett G, Ronan N, Phoenix C, Whinney DJ, Osborne NJ. (2015) Mental Health and Subjective Well-Being of Individuals With Meniere’s: Cross Sectional Analysis in the UL Biobank. Otology & Neurotology 36(5):854-861.