Gilles, Goelen, and Van de Heyning (2014) report that for patients with tinnitus as their primary complaint, hyperacusis and hearing loss are generally accompanying symptoms. Their report included some 588 patients evaluated during calendar year 2012, and each patient filled in the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ) and the Hyperacusis Questionnaire (HQ). The authors’ state that tinnitus is perceived by 15 percent of the population and is “severely bothersome” for approximately 2.5 percent. Gilles, Goelen, and Van de Heyning report “a remarkable finding…was…tinnitus type differs with age. Younger patients were more likely to have a pure-tone tinnitus, whereas older patients more often experience a noise-like tinnitus….” Further, they explain the probability that as hearing loss increases (highly associated with aging) the perceived tinnitus frequency range increases. For example, when the hearing damage is slight (generally in younger people) the perceived tinnitus is often a pure-tone, but as damage increases (as one ages) the resulting perception is more often noise-like.
For More Information, References and Recommendations
Beck DL. (2011) Hearing Aid Amplification and Tinnitus:2011. Hearing Journal 64(6):12-14.
Gilles A, Goelen S, Van de Heyning P. (2014) Tinnitus–A Cross Sectional Study on the Audiologic Characteristics. Otology & Neurotology 35(3):401-406.
Kochkin S, Tyler R, Born J. (2011) MarkeTrak VIII: The Prevalence of Tinnitus in the United States and the Self-Reported Efficacy of Various Treatments. Hearing Review 18(12):10–26.
Newman CW, Sandridge SA. (2012) A Comparison of Benefit and Economic Value Between Two Sound Therapy Tinnitus Management Options. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology 23:126–138.
Parazzini M, Del Bo L, Jastreboff M, Tognola G, Ravazzani P. (2011) Open Ear Hearing Aids In Tinnitus Therapy–An Efficacy Comparison with Sound Generators. International Journal of Audiology 50:548-553.
Searchfield GD, Kaur M, Martin WH. (2010) Hearing Aids As An Adjunct to Counseling—Tinnitus Patients Who Choose Amplification Do Better Than Those That Don't. International Journal of Audiology 49(8):574-579.
Shekhawat GS, Searchfield AG, Stinear CM. (2013) Role of Hearing Aids in Tinnitus Intervention–A Scoping Review. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology 24(8):747-762.
Tyler RS. (2012) Patient Preferences and Willingness to Pay for Tinnitus Treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology 23:115–125.
Tyler RS, Noble, W, Coelho CB, Ji H. (2012) Tinnitus Retraining Therapy–Mixing Point and Total Masking are Equally Effective. Ear & Hearing 33(5):588-594.
Weise C, Hesser H, Andersson G, Nyenhuis N, Zastrutzki S, Kroner-Herwig B, Jager B. (2013) The Role of Catastrophizing in Recent Onset Tinnitus–Its Nature and Association With Tinnitus Distress and Medical Utilization. International Journal of Audiology 52:177-188.