Tinnitus is the sensation of sound without any external acoustic source. Hyperacusis is intolerance of certain everyday sounds that causes significant distress and impairment in social, occupational, recreational, and other day-to-day activities (Aazh et al, 2016).
Mindfulness-based interventions have recently gained popularity in treating and managing tinnitus-related symptoms, much as in other neurological and psychological conditions. Mindfulness-based therapies refer to a wide range of interventions where an individual’s “mindfulness” practice plays a prominent role.
Tinnitus management is nuanced and many approaches can be taken, some supported by more evidence than others. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) repeatedly has been shown to be an effective approach to help patients manage their tinnitus distress. This article provides a general overview of what CBT entails and when to consider referring your tinnitus patients to a health-care provider who specializes in CBT.