In a recent review published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Lieu and colleagues (2020) provide an excellent overview of hearing loss in children that would be highly beneficial for students, parents, and any professional working with pediatric patients with hearing loss.
The article provides a detailed overview of the epidemiology, etiology, and consequences of childhood hearing loss as well as assessment and management options.
Noteworthy are the excellent tables that describe types and severities of hearing loss, newborn hearing screenings, common genes associated with hearing loss, and associated diagnostic studies as well as a figure of images associated with cochlear implantation.
The authors conclude the article by emphasizing the importance of early identification, early intervention, and awareness of treatment options for children with hearing loss including hearing aids, cochlear implants, and assistive devices.
Lieu JEC, Kenna M, Anne S, Davidson L. (2020) Hearing Loss in Children: A Review. J Amer Med Assoc 324(21):2195-2205.
Cranial radiation therapy (CRT) is associated with ototoxicity, which manifests as hearing loss and tinnitus. This article sought to identify clinical determinants and genetic risk factors for ototoxicity among adult survivors of pediatric cancer treated with CRT. Analyses were completed on 4,938 patients who survived childhood cancer (diagnosed 1970–1986) and were not treated with cisplatin…
The vestibular system in the average human is an intricate network incorporating multiple inputs so that equilibrium is maintained. The vestibular system of an elite athlete who regularly defies gravity, making complex rotations look routine is exquisite. Watching the Olympic athletes maneuver in the air with precise knowledge of where their body is in relation…
This study aimed to explore the impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on the results of newborn hearing screening (NHS). GDM increases annually in China and across the world. The authors completed a retrospective analysis of 666 women who gave birth between August 2017 and May 2018. Sixty-nine of the women had GDM and were…