Robert M. DiSogra

Robert M. DiSogra

Close-up photo of Medical Waste bin being removed

ONLINE FEATURE | COVID-19 Survey: Disposing of Cerumen from Patients with a Positive History of COVID-19

We have experienced and learned much about the SARS-CoV-2 virus or COVID-19 in the past 12 months. For audiologists (and staff), use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is now standard practice. For audiologists performing cerumen removal procedures, extra precaution will still need to be taken.

There are several unknowns that, hopefully, should have answers soon. For audiologists, several concerns during and after cerumen removal include the following:

Topic(s): COVID-19, Cerumen


Publication Issue: Audiology Today March/April 2021

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ONLINE FEATURE | Labeling COVID-19’s Long-Term Effects—What’s the Diagnosis?

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the medical and non-medical literature, as well as social media, have been using descriptive terms that are describing the same problem but in different ways.

Initially, we saw Corona virus, Novel Corona virus, SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), SARS-Co-V-2, (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2), COVID (an acronym for Corona Virus Disease) and COVID-19 (with the number 19 representing the year of the discovery). TABLE 1 is a summary of the definitions of disease related to COVID-19 (Katella, 2020).

Topic(s): COVID-19, corona virus

Close-up photo of doctor's hands filling up syringe with COVID vaccine

ONLINE FEATURE | COVID-19 Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System


The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has established a website to guide professionals and consumers on how to report a suspected adverse event after receiving either the Moderna or Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines. This is also true for any new vaccines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under its Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) program. Audiologists and other health-care workers have a legal obligation to report these adverse events to the HHS (2021a).

Topic(s): COVID-19, audiology

Close-up photograph of middle-aged woman with mask holding ear
Close-up photo of person's feet walking down road with COVID-19 virus overlaid

ONLINE FEATURE | COVID-19 “Long-Haulers:” The Emergence of Auditory/Vestibular Problems After Medical Intervention

As of October 9, 2020, Johns Hopkins University’s Center for Systems Science and Engineering (CSSE) in the United States reported over seven million documented cases of COVID-19 and over 212,000 deaths since the virus was first identified in this country in January 2020 (2020). 

Early in the pandemic, the medical profession, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institute of Health (NIH), and both federal and state governments worked 24/7 to develop testing protocols and intervention strategies (pharmacological management and vaccines). 

Topic(s): COVID-19, audiology, Vestibular, vestibular disorders

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Exciting New Horizons for Tinnitus Research

The American Academy of Audiology Foundation was honored to have James Henry, PhD, as the lecturer for the Topics in Tinnitus Lecture Series at AudiologyNOW! 2017 in Indianapolis, Indiana. Dr. Henry is a research career scientist with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Rehabilitation Research and Development Service (RR&D) National Center for Rehabilitative Auditory Research (NCRAR) in Portland, Oregon.

Topic(s): Tinnitus


Publication Issue: Audiology Today May/June 2017

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Drug Side Effects on Audiological and Vestibular Testing

There are over 2,000 drugs and more than 400 side effects that could impact the accuracy of the audiometric or vestibular evaluation and the recommendations made for intervention and management (DiSogra, 2008, 2001). 

During clinical trials, incidence figures of an adverse event (side effect) might be extremely low and reported as “rare” or “less frequent.” One person in 100 might report that their ears are ringing, however it could be reported as tinnitus, roaring, ear disturbances, or auditory hallucinations.

Topic(s): Vestibular, drug side effects, audiology, medications


Publication Issue: Audiology Today May/June 2017

Illustration of group of audiologists in front of soundwave

FOCUS ON FOUNDATION | Getting to Know the New Trustees

This year, the American Academy of Audiology Foundation welcomes five new trustees to help carry on the Foundation’s philanthropic mission.

The March/April issue of Audiology Today featured two of our five new members: Sarah Sydlowski, AuD, PhD, and Ryan Bullock, AuD. In this issue, we are proud to introduce to you Patricia Gaffney, AuD, Hillary Snapp, AuD, PhD, and Helena Solodar, AuD.

We asked our new trustees a series of questions so we can get to know them better. Here are some of the highlights.

Topic(s): American Academy of Audiology Foundation (AAAF)

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Essential Oils for Hearing Loss, Tinnitus, and Vertigo

Plant oils have been used medicinally for over 2,500 years. The first references to the use of plant oils can be traced to Chinese medicine, also known as Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Various parts of plants were consumed in either the raw state or dried, boiled, or steamed (to extract the oil). The end product was then consumed, inserted into any one of the natural openings of the body, massaged into the skin, or inhaled in vapor form. 

Topic(s): Tinnitus, Vertigo


Publication Issue: Audiology Today July/August 2019