HIV and Hearing Loss
Several large-scale studies are consistently pointing toward an association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hearing loss. Torre and his colleagues have recently reported HIV as a risk factor for hearing loss in children and adults. HIV-infected children have poorer hearing compared to HIV-unexposed but uninfected children as well as those who are perinatally exposed to HIV, but remain uninfected. HIV-infected adults also have poorer hearing compared to HIV-uninfected adults. Further, the magnitude of hearing loss seems to increase with the severity of HIV. Modern treatment approaches have converted HIV from a terminal to a chronic health condition. However, it appears that these individuals now will need long-term hearing care. All health-care professionals working with HIV+ individuals should be made aware of this association between HIV and hearing loss.
For Additional Information, see selected References
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Luque A, Orlando M, Leong U, et al. (2014). Hearing function in patients living with HIV/AIDS. Ear Hear 35(6):e282-e290.
Maro I, Moshi N, Clavier O, et al. (2014). Auditory impairments in HIV-infected individuals in Tanzania. Ear Hear 35(3):306-317.
Taipale A, Pelkonen T, Taipale M, et al. (2011). Otorhinolaryngological findings and hearing in HIV-positive and HIV-negative children in a developing country. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 268:527-1532.
Torre III P, Cook A, Elliott, H, et al. (2015). Hearing assessment data in HIV infected and uninfected children of Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Care. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1080/09540121.2015.1021746
Torre III P, Hoffman H, Springer G, et al. (2014). Cochlear function among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative men and women. Ear Hear 35:56-62.
Torre III P, Hoffman H, Springer G, et al. (2015). Hearing loss among HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative men and women. JAMA Otolaryngol-Head Neck Surg 141(3):202-210.
Torre III P, Yao T, Zeldow B, et al. (2015). Distortion product otoacoustic emission data in perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected children and adolescents. Pediatr Infect Dis J 34(3):276-278.
Torre III P, Zeldow B, Hoffman HJ, et al. (2012). Hearing loss in perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected children and adolescents. Pediatr Infect Dis J 31:835-841.
van der Westhuizen Y, Swanepoel de W, Heinze B, et al. (2013). Auditory and otological manifestations in adults with HIV/AIDS. Int J Audiol 52:37-43.