Results of a large, population-based cohort study indicate a higher risk of death from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer in adults with balance impairment. More specifically, Cao, et al (2021) reported results for over 5,800 middle-aged (> 40 years) and older adults who completed the Romberg Test of Standing Balance on Firm and Compliant Surfaces.
These data were included in the cohort study using the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collected from 1999–2004; participants were then linked to mortality data through December 31, 2015. The results suggest an increased hazard ratio for those with balance impairments compared to those without impairments after adjusting for other factors such as socioeconomic, chronic conditions, and lifestyle factors.
The authors suggest the need for further studies to confirm these findings and determine if there is a causal relationship. Answers to these questions may lead to identifying exercise programs that may have positive effects.
Cao C, et al. (2021) Association of balance function with all-cause and cause-specific mortality among U.S. adults. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. (March 11) doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2021.0057.
This study aimed to explore the impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on the results of newborn hearing screening (NHS). GDM increases annually in China and across the world. The authors completed a retrospective analysis of 666 women who gave birth between August 2017 and May 2018. Sixty-nine of the women had GDM and were…
Lack of Physical Activity and Obesity in Individuals with Self-Identified Hearing and/or Visual Difficulties
It is reasonable that lack of physical activity would be one thing associated with obesity, but could difficulties hearing and/or seeing also be a factor influencing that relationship? What about gender? Pardhan and colleagues (2021) used data collected from the 2017 Spanish National Health Survey to evaluate the relationship between physical inactivity and obesity by…
Do you remember why Joseph Sauveur is important to our profession? If you do, you could have done better than a recent contestant on the legendary gameshow, Jeopardy. The question posed was: “Born hearing-impaired in 1653, Joseph Sauveur studied sound vibrations and coined this word for the science he pioneered.” While I was impressed that…