By Richard Bishop This article is a part of the July/August 2020, Volume 32, Number 4, Audiology Today issue. Behavioral audiology (BA) is based on a simple question: How do changes in an individual’s auditory status affect their overt and covert behaviors, specifically, but not exclusively, their receptive communication function? This leads to the corollary: What changes can we, as audiologists, effect in a client’s auditory behavior to improve their receptive communication function? BA is now in its infancy as a clinical discipline but has its roots right back at the start of modern audiology following World War II when its focus was on the difficulties experienced by U.S. Veterans as a result of traumatic changes to their auditory status. At that stage, knowledge of auditory function was basic, almost entirely based on the behavioral changes noted in people with abnormal pure-tone audiometry. There was little or no appreciation of the subtleties of the auditory process that have become apparent in greater detail recently, but nevertheless, audiological interventions were based on treating the Veteran’s receptive communication difficulties, as a behavioral audiologist might describe them now. To understand how BA is different from conventional audiology practice, we must look very carefully at the phenomena with which are working. This close examination has not been carried out in the past (the early assumptions have not been challenged) and, as a result, there is a lot of confusion, both within and outside of our profession. Hopefully, you will see how BA can reduce this confusion as you read on. We are dealing with highly complex phenomena, but our everyday language does not have well-defined concepts for us to describe these. The common language words such as hearing, especially, has multiple meanings. The jargon we have developed in audiology to describe1 these phenomena is very loose, and as we begin to uncover the complexities of our area, its inadequacy becomes clearer. This content is an exclusive benefit for American Academy of Audiology members. If you're a member, log in and you'll get immediate access. Member Login If you're not yet a member, you'll be interested to know that joining not only gives you access to top-notch resources like this one, but also invitations to member-only events, inclusion in the member directory, participation in professional forums, and access to patient resources, tools, and continuing education. Join today!