A recent area of research is exploring the application of auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing in identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Currently, ASD is typically diagnosed between the ages of 2 and 4 years. Earlier identification may allow for implementation of intervention at critical time periods of development. A review of the literature suggests that children with ASD often exhibit prolonged ABR latencies compared to controls, but there are several studies that do not support this relationship.
A meta-analysis of 25 studies (n=1,349; 727 ASD and 622 controls) by Miron et al (2018) found that infants and children with ASD demonstrated a prolongation of absolute wave-V latency and individuals over 18 years of age with ASD, a shorter wave-V latency. Outside of consideration of early brainstem maturation considerations, conductive components, and technical considerations, the authors suggest the ABR may serve as a low cost ASD biomarker at infancy.
Miron, Beam, Kohane. (2018). Auditory brainstem response in infants and children with autism spectrum disorder: A meta-analysis of wave-V, Autism Research 11(2):355-363.
“Huh?” is used in at least 31 languages around the world! A version of the word can be found in nearly every language on Earth (Dingemanse et al, 2013). This research concluded that all languages studied included a word similar, in both sound and function, to the English “huh?” Regardless of language, the word is…
If you have a dog or cat, you’ve probably seen their ears moving toward an interesting or startling sound. For professional equestrians, watching the ears of their horse allows them to gauge their shifting attention. Humans still have these same muscles, and even more interesting is their relationship to our brain and how we pay attention. …
Tai Chi is not just for increasing balance; it may also help improve cognitive performance. In a recent randomized controlled trial, study participants who practiced a form of Tai Chi twice a week for six months improved their scores on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) when compared to a control group (Fuzhong et al, 2023)….